Category: Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Orthopedics, or orthopedic surgery, is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation of injuries and diseases related to the musculoskeletal system. This system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves that allow the body to move, work, and function.

Orthopedic surgeons are specialists who address a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, such as fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, arthritis, sports injuries, congenital disorders, spine disorders, and more. They utilize both surgical and non-surgical methods to manage these conditions, aiming to restore mobility, alleviate pain, and improve overall function.

Common procedures performed by orthopedic surgeons include:

  1. Joint Replacement Surgery: This involves replacing damaged or diseased joints, such as knee or hip joints, with artificial implants to relieve pain and restore function.
  2. Arthroscopic Surgery: A minimally invasive procedure using a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized tools inserted through small incisions to diagnose and treat joint problems, such as repairing torn ligaments or removing damaged cartilage.
  3. Fracture Repair: Orthopedic surgeons set and repair broken bones using surgical techniques or nonsurgical methods like casting or splinting.
  4. Spine Surgery: Addressing conditions like herniated discs, spinal deformities, or spinal injuries through procedures such as spinal fusion, discectomy, or laminectomy.
  5. Sports Medicine: Treating injuries related to sports or physical activities, focusing on both surgical and non-surgical interventions to help athletes recover and return to their sport safely.

Orthopedic care often involves a multidisciplinary approach, with surgeons working alongside physical therapists, rehabilitation specialists, pain management experts, and other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive treatment and recovery for patients with musculoskeletal issues.

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